Emelian Pugachov

Pugachov was a peasant who, in the 1770s, led a partially successful revolt against the authority of Tsarina Catherine the Second (often called "the Great"). After some initial local successes, Pugachov's revolutionary band also managed to defeat a substantial punitive military force which had been mounted against him. In the end Pugachov's rag-tag army was defeated and he captured. He was executed by being drawn and quartered in a public square.